Orthodontics is one of the specialties in dentistry whose work is least commonly understood. Unlike other dental specialists like Pediatric dentists, periodontology specialists and prosthodontic specialists which exactly rolls in dentistry can easily be put into words, Orthodontics tend to be slightly harder to explain to someone who does not have a little bit of background information as to what the wider objectives of dentistry are.
Ultimately, though, orthodontics may be described as the branch of dentistry that concerns itself with the 'proper alignment' of the teeth and their supportive structures (which sometimes calls for maxillofacial interventions) because of the proper alignment of the teeth and their supportive structures – or lack of it – is often inexplicably linked with the alignment of the maxilla and other components that make up what is considered the 'face.' It is also in orthodontics that people suffering from the rather infamous teeth spacing problems can find typically find help, as such problems (where the teeth are said to be, for instance too crowded) are more often than not rooted in the alignment of the teeth rather that than the number of teeth per se.
Traditionally, orthodontic procedures were typically carried out when the mis-alignment of teeth and their supportive structures caused serious clinical discomfort (or lack of dental function) to the patient, but this has changed to a situation where more and more people are looking for the help of orthodontics for purely cosmetic reasons. This shows that like all branches and sub-branches of medicine, orthodontics has not been spared the pressure from 'consumers of medicine' to help them look better in an increasingly image conscious society. If anything, Orthodontics has turned out to be one of the areas of primary medicine most inundated with requests from people who want to use the power of modern medicine 'to look better' because its core objectives of maintaining proper dental alignment makes it perfect for the cosmetic dentistry applications. Indeed, dentistry students looking to later go into cosmetic dentistry are advised to ensure that they take in as much of orthodontics as they can, because most of the help people are seeking for cosmetic dental tend to be orthodontics-related.
Orthodontic specialists use a variety of tools and procedures to meet their goals, depending on the severity of problems that they presented with. Major cases of dental (and maxillofacial) misalignment – the type that can distort the whole face, and which are often inborn rather than commonly used call for outright surgical interventions if they are to be completely resolved. Milder cases of misalignment, the variety most commonly thought by reliably good looking people who are keen to look even better, however, can usually be well resolved with the help of various alignment tools like Simply 5 (where the said Simply 5 is an orthodontic alignment tray). Orthodontic tools like Simply 5 – and others of its ilk – seek to treat the alignment problems that people seek the help of orthodontic specialists mostly for, especially the teeth crowding issues, in an effective yet non invasive way.