A dentist is a professional who focuses on the oral cavity of a patient and its surroundings. Most of the time, general dentistry is the usual practice of many dental professionals but there are a growing number of specialists who concentrate on one specialty in dentistry. These specialists are educated initially in general dentistry and then they take on maintenance or an advanced graduate training program, either immediately after they pass dentistry or they wait for a period of time after practicing general dentistry.
Formerly known as pedodontics, this aspect of the dental profession concentrates on children starting from infancy to late childhood. This means that when the child reaches the age when the first milk tooth comes out, the parents can bring him or her to see the pediatric dentist. The professional will check the primary eruption and then asses the next others over the span of several months. He will also teach the parents how to take care of these properly in such a way that the child will feel comfortable with the parent sticking a finger in his or her mouth. There are some subspecialties under this field, such as reconstructive dentistry. When the child is older, around ten years old, the introduction of an orthodontist may be in the works if there is an apparent malocclusion, as assessed by the pediatric specialist. The orthodontist deals with the correction of crooked teeth and misaligned bites.
This specialty deals with the use of certain dental applications such as dentures, bridges and many others. The specialists in these fields work closely or are in reality the same with those who specialize with oral and maxillofacial pathology and surgery. The use and maintenance of implants fall under this field and the dentist who installs them and contains them. They may also work closely with orthodontists if the need arises.
These dental practitioners work on many conditions and therapies that have to do with the pulp in our dental structure. The root canal is one of the more famous treatments that these professionals may do to their patients. There may be other illnesses included under this field that the specialist might also deal with.
Oral and Maxillofacial
This is one of the more complicated fields in dentistry. It covers a broad aspect of the profession but at the same time it focuses on the structure of the oral cavity and its surroundings exclusively. The professionals who deal with this aspect can have subspecialties in it as well. The dentist can choose to concentrate of radiology, pathology or surgery. In radiology, he can take x-rays of the patient's structure and interpret the results accordingly. In pathology, he can study and diagnose the basics of the diseases that occur in the region. Although it is not common, this professional can also treat or recommend a treatment for the diseases. In surgery, the dentist does the actual implementation of the treatment and correction based on the results of both radiologic and pathological fields.